Oral hygiene can reduce the incidence of and death resulting from pneumonia and respiratory tract infection Critical Summary Prepared by: Ralph Rosenblum Jr. DDS, MHA 

A Critical Summary of:

A systematic review of the preventive effect of oral hygiene on pneumonia and respiratory tract infection in elderly people in hospitals and nursing homes: effect estimates and methodological quality of randomized controlled trials

Sjogren P, Nilsson E, Forsell M, Johansson O, Hoogstraate J. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2008;56(11):2124-30

Published Date: 9/13/2010

This summary is published in the Journal of the American Dental Association and can be accessed at :-


  • Systematic Review Conclusion:

    Mechanical oral hygiene decreases the risk of dying as a result of pneumonia and seems to have a clinically relevant preventive effect on nonfatal pneumonia in dependent elderly people.

  • Critical Summary Assessment:

    Daily attention to oral hygiene reduces the occurrence of health care‚Äďassociated (that is, nosocomial) pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infections among high-risk elderly people in nursing homes and hospitals.

  • Evidence Quality Rating:


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