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Limited evidence suggests higher risk of dental implant failures in smokers than in nonsmokers

Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD .


Overview

Systematic Review Conclusion

Within the limits of the existing evidence, smokers who undergo dental implant placement may be at a statistically significant increased risk of experiencing implant failure, postoperative infection, and greater marginal bone loss than are nonsmokers.

Critical Summary Assessment

Results from this systematic review of 107 randomized and nonrandomized studies with numerous confounding factors suggest that smokers may be more susceptible to implant loss, postoperative infections, and bone loss than are nonsmokers.

Evidence Quality Rating

Limited Evidence

This summary is published in the Journal of the American Dental Association and can be accessed at: http://jada.ada.org/article/S0002-8177(16)00022-2/fulltext


Critical Summary Publication Date:

4/1/2016

These summaries are not intended to, and do not, express, imply, or summarize standards of care, but rather provide a concise reference for dentists to aid in understanding and applying evidence from the referenced systematic review in making clinically sound decisions as guided by their clinical judgment and by patient needs. American Dental Association © 2018